Thematic motifs of ancient gods, sphinxes, lions, and griffins ornamented many pieces. The woodworking of the pieces generally exhibited plain lines and surfaces with slender legs and right angles.
In many ways, this helped highlight the ornamentation by providing a simplistic background to avoid distraction. Rather than the tall shelves of the past, cabinets and shelving units shrank in height to allow decorators to ornament the walls with paintings. The lower height of furniture also allowed for more display space to feature curios and treasures. Additionally, veneers of rosewood and zebrawood added visually striking surfaces or features to the clean lines of the style.
Furniture makers primarily used brass, while occasionally including bronze or ormolu , an imitation gold. Of note, brass rosettes or lions' heads to hold rings on cabinet doors and drawers decorated many pieces, while the bases of furniture legs were often animal feet made of brass. Other metals included bronze and ormolu , a fake gold. How can you distinguish solid walnut from good veneer?
Side panels illustrate notable variations, which may differ according to country and local materials available at the time. Unfortunately no relative values are provided.
With thumb molded top over two short, and three cock-beaded long drawers, and resting on four turned bun feet. Secondary oak wood with dove-tailed drawer construction. It is hand-stitched and fabricated leather ottoman. The four legs are reeded, tapered, and end in small brass claw feet and casters. This small side table is in excellent condition. Lower bench has matching hand carved recessed panels with reeded and blocked panels on either side~. The barley twist turnings are thick and very well proportioned. Rectangular form with 2 over 5 graduated drawers and standing on splayed legs with serpentine lower skirt. Staining and unevenness on the top, cracking due to natural age. English table, in a versatile size, perfect for a hall or sofa table, also wonderful as a nightstand!
Small end pieces of molding missing on the backside upper corners (not material). This allows you a good bit of versatility in how you use the gate leg table. The only marks consist of a few tiny dings to the front edge on the satinwood banding. Otherwise, this demi lune piece remains in immaculate condition with stunning elegance. Stunning carvings adorn almost all surfaces of the fine oak wood in this piece. English oak planter with hand carved panels on both sides!
First, the canted corners and slightly swept feet give it the classic mid-century modern feel. The legs are strong, as is the stretcher. One of the apron boards has a crack in it, but this does not affect the integrity of the piece. This has been partially stripped and is a project piece, sold as pictured. They appreciate the finest things in life. For starters, what is it that actually distinguishes a period piece from a style piece?
The diamond point, pyramid patterns, and large bun feet on cabinetry are common decorative themes. French court furniture was not built for comfort, but rather grandeur, and only the king was allowed to sit in an armchair.
England Antique Furniture for sale
Eventually, upholstered pads were added to the top of the fauteuil armrests for even greater comfort. Decorative motifs were widely used in both carved and bronze-mount form. Espagnolettes , or female busts emerge from console legs and on desk, commode and console table corners. Oak was used for the finest pieces, pine and poplar for more ordinary ones. Beech, walnut and fruit woods were used for seating. Gilded wood remained in fashion for consoles, ceremonial chairs and frames. Rosewood and kingwood were the most prized veneers. Springs were added, satisfying the salon society’s craving for comfort. Furniture of comfort became popular such as the chaise longue and great care was given to the upholstery work in order to achieve the maximum of comfort. Furniture became practical and readily transportable without losing any of its elegance. Decorative motifs inspired by flora and fauna were placed on bronze doré mounts, carved wood and marquetry. Cartouches in frames of rocaille appear and scallop shells are irregularly shaped. Superfluous ornament, rococo tendencies and baroque excess was no longer popular. Chairs of the period were fashioned in a wide variety of styles and for the first time, made solely for decorative purposes rather than comfort or function. The seats were trapezoidal and medallion and oval backs were most notable, although lyre or vase shaped backs were also common. Case pieces such as commodes and buffets became more angular. Ancient objects such as vases, urns and human faces were prevalent, as well as architectural motifs such as fluting and columns. Moulding, gold leaf, painted wood and rosette carvings atop legs were common. Mahogany was the popular wood and had to be imported, so it was used only for fine furniture.
They are small and finely detailed and are arranged symmetrically as corner ornaments, shoes, handles and key plates. Marquetry was almost totally absent due to economic restraints. Brass was often used in place of gilt-bronze and imported woods such as rosewood and mahogany were scarce. Only luxury work was made of solid and carved mahogany. Overall, the circumstances of the war led to a decline in furniture quality and the availability of materials. The rules and regulations by which the trade guilds had governed the training of the craftsmen, their apprenticeship and compagnonnage , were abolished, and complete freedom of production was permitted in all of the crafts. Furniture making began to decline starting with this reform. The economy was booming and a new haute bourgeois aristocracy was forming that craved fine furniture and decoration. Empire taste was a reminder to family and guests of the owner's connection to the court and relationship to its power and influence. Empire furniture, in all its gilded glory, was not very comfortable, however. Chair backs were stiff and square or rectangular, except for the chic gondola chair with its rounded, gondola shaped back.
Saber shaped chair legs, curved and sharply sloped, were introduced. The small pieces of furniture for specific purposes became more rare. Mahogany, rosewood and ebony were the woods of choice. Marble tops had sharp corners and were most often gray or black. The aristocracy and royalty desired to recapture the comforts and refinement of their former lifestyles. This, combined with a n increasingly prosperous middle class, brought about a greater demand for furniture.
Decorative motifs included musical instruments, rosettes, garlands, swans and cornucopia. Smaller pieces of furniture in small reception rooms and boudoirs came back into fashion. Bulky pieces with brass fittings gave way to smaller pieces with delicate profiles and inlay decoration. Gueridons were often used as side tables in dining rooms and were produced in large numbers and sizes. Chair backs were arched and legs were straight or slightly turned out, back legs had a pronounced outward flare. The art of marquetry returned with decorative flowers, garlands and rosettes, and detailing that highlighted the architecture and geometry of the pieces. Restauration ornament is light and refined. Marble used on furniture tops can be pale gray with subtle veining, white or, less often, black. The corners of the tops are now rounded with cyma profiles on their fore-edges. The bourgeois class often lived in small apartments, so furniture became smaller and more functional in order to suit their lifestyle. This period was less preoccupied with originality than it was with comfort and new techniques of production. Craftsman began embracing the burgeoning industrial revolution and for the first time began making furniture suites for the bedroom and dining rooms. Armoires become necessary in every bedroom.
Tables and commodes often had marble tops. Gueridon tables with round or oval tops on a central support were popular. Palmettes and large leaf foliage are carved on chair arms and table legs. Brass fittings are rare but keyholes are sometimes surrounded by copper inlay ornament. Marble tops are gray, black or white and have moulded cyma fore-edges. Often several furniture styles were mixed for a single piece of furniture. Nesting tables appeared for the first time, as did tilt top guéridons or center foot tables. Papier mâché was used beginning in 1850. Richly decorated ottomans and poufs were very fashionable. Black lacquer coated wood was very popular. Cast iron began to appear in furniture, especially in settees, beds and guéridon stands. The use of machine tools became widespread in all areas of furniture crafted during the period. Marine plants such as water lilies and seaweeds as well as tropical vines and branches bare of leaves are prominent. Orchids and other exotic plants appear frequently. Iron, steel, bronze and cast iron were used. Paris became the style capital of the western world. Tan leather, often tooled, was used as much as fabric as a cover material. Sharkskin, fur and pony skin were used on seating. Chair backs tended to be rather low and quite open, while legs were quite thin. Tables are round, oval or rectangular and light in appearance. Many new table forms come into being such as the coffee table, tea table and other small side tables. Ivory was used in marquetry and inlay ornament. One key characteristic of the furniture is heavy ornamentation, especially on tables and four poster beds. The furniture is known to be more practical than comfortable, using mainly oak and pine. Furniture of the period was decorated with floral marquetry, walnut, and velvet upholstery and included carvings and gilding. Concerns about the need to return to social and religious conservatism necessitated stylistic changes that not only affected the art and architecture of the period but also drastically altered the appearance of furniture. Tables, chairs, dressers, and other pieces were carved with shapes resembling pointed arches and rose windows. Looking for more antique furniture ?
Conventionels saw themselves as antique heroes. It was a style of the people, not ostentatious but sober and evenly balanced. Buildings typically had simple timber frames and box-like constructions, veneered in expensive mahogany imported from the colonies. Ormolu details (gilded bronze furniture mounts and embellishments) displayed a high level of craftsmanship.