First, our talented log furniture builders peel and handcrafted the log bed frame from natural cedar logs. You will need more than you think, so get enough from the start or you will need to spend time waiting later for pieces to dry. I had to cut it with a hatchet as the angle would not allow me to get my saw from the backside. Shorter limbs (spindles) are hard to remove bark sometimes, so keep them longer until you know their exact size, which is much later.
If you don’t let it dry you will have shrinkage in the wood and your measurements will change, joints could loosen, and stain/polyurethane will not take as well. This is one reason you might want to make these rails 66 or 64 inches so you don’t have to chisel in as deep. You can do thins such as, build the entire footboard before you even start to chisel out the head board pieces. Make sure you measure where to place these as they need to be equal distance on bottom and top rails. This was my first big project and had not really any prior experience beforehand so this is possible for any skill level. I also thought, a little to late, that the large gaps in the headboard makes it easy for our pillows to fall between while we are sleeping.
There are some guides out there for making homemade ones if your working towards making more rustic furniture. The wood is hand peeled and sanded, the machining gives a medium uniformity on the tennons while allowing precise fit.
There are ways to get even more rustic, by leaving the inner layer of bark on or by leaving some of the limbs intact, both present special challanges. The cracks that appear in dry wood are natural and not really a problem if you position them corectly when building.
Secondly when the fire goes through the forest it will generally burn the rotten trees to the ground but healthy trees will remain standing and dry nicely. We are fortunate here in my area, in that the pine grows tall and straight with little taper and there are just enough disformed trees to get those special pieces. Another popular method is with a chucking machine, this is like a pencil sharpener and the work piece is pushed into it.
So back to the centerline method, when drilling the pilot hole it is imparative that you drill in a line aimed at the other end of the workpiece. The saw utilizes a 10 inch round blade with a chain saw chain for cutting teeth, these can be obtained for weed wackers and are used for thinning trees. When building deck rail the most important thing to keep in mind is the deck that you will be attaching to, if the deck won’t support the rail it won’t matter how well the rail is made it will not be stable. The easiest method of securing the posts to the deck is to notch the post so that half of the log sets against the joist and the half that was notched out sits on top of the deck. It is better to have a nut and bolt in case the rail loosens up over time, it can be easily tightened whereas with a lag bolt it is too easy to strip out and then you have a problem. This is roughly 7 3/8″ and the first spacing can be narrowed up to 5 1/2 this will now work out to equal spacings of 7 1/4″. You want to start by selecting the pieces, match up two 48″ posts & two 36″ posts, the head & footboard and select four rails. The block should be marked off into quarters to find the center of each side, then cut a thin groove on all 4 sides of the block in about an inch.
Put a 2 1/4″ tenon 2 1/2″ long on these pieces and build a set of blocks with a 2 1/4″ hole to accept the tenons. The notch should be cut at center from the top down to the top of the tenon and the horizontal cut should be from the top of the tenon to center cut.
When attached diagonally from post to post and tightened this makes for an extremely secure bed. Saw 2 4-foot (1. You can do this with a drawknife, but it’s easier to do with a tenon maker, which attaches to a drill and operates like a giant pencil sharpener.
Rail post log
Place the eye hooks so you can stretch a cable between the right headpost and left footpost and the left headpost and right footpost.
If you turn the logs so as to avoid drilling mortises into the cracks, the logs will be just as strong as those without cracks. All styles of our rustic beds are also available as standalone headboards, even if not seen in the headboards section below.
Wisconsin mill craft this bed from solid poplar logs, using environmentally friendly methods from start to finish. Multi-step hand applied finish includes sanding, sealing and a clear water-based varnish top coat. However, the draw knife gets things pretty smooth so you might not need it as much as you think. In my bed, used a tree that split at the base as my “medium” tree so it wasn’t that thick and didn’t kill the tree (seen in the picture). However, looking back, cutting them with the saw might have made for easier sanding later as the hatchet left sharp points.
I learned the deeper you pull into the wood, the better the wood grain will show up after sanding. If they are all the same size, not a big deal, but the bottom will be taking all the weight of the bed, so it should be thicker. These ones should be a tighter fit as at some point they will be glued and screwed into place.
Because the rails change width down the run of a rail, so must your spindles change in size.
Try and put the screws in a location (inside the bed) where they will less likely be seen. I did put it upstairs in a hot barn and a lot of the beams had the drying cracks in them (non very bad though). Another thing is a hole saw for the drill to make nice round circles and then chisel out the material inside of the hole.
It seems you have the right natural resources for it and that stuff sells good at flea markets and fairs.
A drawknife can be used to peel the wood and the marks left behind exemplify log homes and furniture from days gone by.
Using long strokes is preferable but if you have a piece of wood with lots of knots this can be quite taxing on the arms.
This is really discouraging if you don’t discover it until after the holes are drilled and you are sanding, thus putting time and effert into firewood. Whichever method you decide on will be greatly influenced by your geography, you may not have access to firekilled or you may not be allowed to cut green trees by law. The biggest challange is the mortise and tenon joint, this is the joint that makes log furniture so appealing. It is also possible to get different cutting heads for your chucking machine but these tend to be rather expensive.
The system that we use was built by ourselves and has no restrictions on the length of piece to be used. Our saw blade turns at 1375 rpm, attached above the saw blade is an adjustable pin on which to rotate the log ( pin size 5/8″ ). Take care when collecting your measurements as there is very little room for adjustment, if your measurements are precise then the rail has a better chance of being tight. The one thing to look out for here is that the deck floor matterial does’nt overhang the joist, if it does then it must be trimmed back or notched out. Spacing is the most difficult part to master, when using a 3 1/2″ spindle and you want a 4″ spacing you want to drill the holes at 7 1/2″ apart. Spacing is the first thing that most people will notice if you do it wrong, the good thing is that it is very hard to tell the difference between and a 7 1/4″ spacing a 7 5/8″ spacing while looking right at the two side by side.
Start by building the headboard posts, set them side by side and turn them so that the crack is facing away to the back of the bed also keep in mind any feature that the post may have and position it in a suitable manner. The next step is the head board and foot board, these pieces are cut to 61″ for a queen size bed if you have 5 1/2″ posts.
Once you have the top and bottom headbord rails done put them together with the posts and measure for the spindles.
These should be at 45 deg to the holes that you drilled for the head board and the side rails and at the center of the top side rail. However, you may find after you start working that these are rotten or have other problems that make them unsuitable.
When you cut the tenons to fit the rails into the posts, they will be the width of the mattress.
Mortises for the headboard should be cut at 9 inches (23 cm) and 44 inches (1. Consider using logs that have knots, aren’t quite straight of have other unique characteristics.
And you’ll be able to, since all our beds are designed as heirloom pieces, made with expert techniques to create a bed intended to last for generations.
Low post and canopies lend the right amount of natural charm and romance while bunk beds are practical yet fun and inviting.