We can walk you through each of the options listed here to help you select the best type of natural hard or softwood for your specific needs. Cherry wood, as its name suggests, comes in deep red hues with noticeable grain.
Oak features open wood grain which makes mixing and matching other furniture pieces in the home a simple task. Because of its durability and popularity, oak can be a pricier option than other hardwoods. Cedar often has warm tones of red and brown with a light grain, and takes to stain and paint with ease. As a true hardwood, cherry wood is known to be resistant to decay and rot and is able to stand up to dings, dents and scratches throughout the years.
Because of its density and strength, it can be difficult to work with when creating real wood furniture. Real wood furniture made of oak often has a pink, reddish or green tint depending on the type of oak tree harvested, but all take stain and paint easily. Similarly, the types of wood that can be used in furniture building are numerous and can be easily tailored to specific color or hardness preferences. The most popular types of wood for furniture include maple, pine, oak, cedar and cherry wood. Pine is a lightweight material which makes it easy to work with and move once a piece is completed, but is more susceptible to dings and scratches than hardwood options. The most common real wood furniture created from maple includes bedroom furniture or large hutches and china cabinets because of its known sturdiness.
Maple wood is resistant to moisture and often has unique swirls in the wood grain that make it stand out from other hardwood choices. Color ranges from light to dark chocolate brown with a straight. Walnut veneer is often obtained from the lower trunk section near the roots where a wavy grain is present including burls, mottles, crotches and curls. User understands and accepts all policies associated with use of this website. The information contained on this page is offered solely as an opinion and is not intended as anything other than an opinion. Real wood furniture is desirable because of its durability, resistance to scratches or gouges and its natural beauty. Due to its value, often used only as veneer. Most often used for frames, variety of bent items. The birds-eye maple you hear about is a veneer. Solid maple is very hard wood with a fine texture and even grain. It is sometimes stained to imitate cherry wood. It is known for being heavy and strong with a distinctive grain. Its close grain results in a high polish in spite of the fact that it is hard to work with. Often used for musical instruments, piano cases, tool handles, art projects and veneers. Teak is heavy, strong and durable with a straight grain. It has reddish-brown heart wood with light sapwood. An old 'rule of thumb' was that soft wood trees have cones while hard wood trees have leaves. However, as with everything you're likely to find exceptions. Nonetheless, we've broken our wood into these two categories. It has a straight grain and is white or pale yellow in color. It is lightweight and resistant to shrinking and swelling. Knotty pine is used for decorative furniture or cabinets. Many grain painted pieces of furniture use pine. It is know for its aromatic and moth repellent qualities making it popular for chests, boxes and lining drawers.
How to Tell If Wood Furniture Is Worth Refinishing
Wood is defined by being either soft or hard. In some cases the wood may have variations such as birds-eye maple and knotty pine. Most of the time the more expensive woods are used as veneers or for decorations only. Wood types are often measured by density to determine hardness. Why is white oak more expensive than red oak?
Are components sold solid or are they glued-up?
While we realize that solid components are desired for aesthetics, it is not always possible for us to acquire wood that is wide enough to create components out of one solid piece. What are the best wood types for exterior use?
All products must be finished upon receipt. What is the difference between hard and soft maple?
Why is knotty pine not a good choice if we plan to paint wood?
These knots absorb paint much differently than the rest of the wood. If the desired finish includes seeing grain and knots through the paint than this wood type is a great option. However, knots are closed and tight, preventing them from falling out and leaving voids in the wood. Our craftsman carefully place knots throughout the piece in order to ensure you are able to apply hardware or skirting without any interference from knots. It actually comes from a sap producing tree that no longer produces that sap which was turned into rubber. White oak is characterized by a mostly straight grained wood with a medium to coarse texture. The tighter, straighter grain pattern does not allow stain to penetrate the grain as easily resulting in a more consistent finish. Soft maple is a hardwood and offers a smooth painting surface for finishing.
3 Ways to Judge the Quality of Wood Furniture
Soft maple is just a little less dense (or hard) than hard maple. Paintgrade could be any wood species that does not have a distinct grain that would show through paint. This option is often most economical but can only be used for painting applications. Maple also exhibits mineral streaking in the wood. The curly grain can make tiger maple less stable than straight grained maple. However, given its density, it is actually fairly easy to work. It is also characterized by having excellent sanding and finishing properties, and great stability. The knots can come in a variety of shapes and colors which can cause the knots to take stain differently than the rest of the wood. Some knots may also be completely through the wood, making this wood a perfect choice for rustic style projects. This fine textured and close grained wood does not require filling. The wood is coarser than that of mahogany.
The wood varies slightly in color from a light reddish brown to a medium red. Color variation may have a striped appearance. The wood is characterized as dense, and light in color. Whether you are choosing a light stain or a dark stain, we recommend hard maple as your go to wood type. This wood is best used conditioned and finished with stain. This wood type may be painted for rustic or distressed projects, however the knots will bleed through the paint over time and grain may be exposed.
Mahogany is characterized as having straight to interlocked grain and a medium coarse texture. The sapwood is usually white in color, and may be as high as 25%, but we have it steamed to make it a light coffee color, allowing for better color uniformity. It has a predominantly yellow tone with reddish, chocolate, or olive hues. Cypress has oils in the heartwood that make it very durable. It is a tight knotted and close-grained wood that has a high degree of stiffness as well. The grain is normally straight, but can sometimes be irregular or wavy. Hickory has a coarse texture, with a great deal of color variation between reddish brown, lighter brown, and white. Its coloration can be light to chocolate brown, and may contain burls, butts, and curls. It features a beautiful hand carved center with an art deco dancer or water nymph. Minor flaws include a repair to the front foot (see pic), and two filled nail holes on top deck (see pic). And certainly warrants use for its own distinct qualities. Though it dents relatively easy, it offers a stable surface. It is a fine, tight grain and has large medullar rays.
Beech is similar in appearance to maple and birch. Beech is a wood with high crush strength and medium stiffness. Nicely detailed incised lines throughout the base and top of legs flanked by corbels. This has only small amount of normal wear due to age and still retain their gorgeous wood tone and grains. All the drawers are operable and the hardware is perfect. It requires the user to insert the key outside and turn it. The inside is immaculate as evidenced by the pictures. Connected with four "rounded" legs also in 2 different wood-tones. Features a serpentine front with 3 drawers, tri-fold mirror and matching chair. Pictures were taken with and without flash. The vanity is in pre-owned condition and may have scratches and. Features a slightly curved back for added comfort and brass hardware. The chair is held together with joints and fasteners. The wood is in very good condition, and does not appear to have been refinished. Artfully crafted with reeded pedestal and base. It features an intricate brass banded apron trim top (patterned with tiny hearts), c1930. The seat looks to may have been redone or at least re attached as there is a black plastic hinge. The often used it to cover bamboo and soft woods like pine, fir and willow. Lacquered furniture became very popular and eventually overtook the importance of the original wood grain; we sometimes find beautiful natural wood under old worn-off lacquer.
Identifying the Wood Species for an Antique Chair
The sapwood and heartwood are not clearly distinguished and range from grayish-yellow to grayish-brown with streaks of brown or red. The material is difficult to dry and not easy to work, however, it is extremely dense (±.90 g/cm3) and hard. Distinctive medullary rays appear in the tangential surface as short dark lines; in the radial surface, they appear as lustrous flecks woven through the longitudinal grain. Tieli is predominantly grayish black, and its open grain has a coarse texture. Furniture made from tieli often has a thick quality and is frequently with little or no carved decoration. Glues, nails and screws easily with a low tendency to split. Termites eat the sapwood but rarely attack the heartwood; it is not, however, completely resistant to marine borers. Grown on the root or trunk of any trees, in oval lump shape or twisted knots, just like tumor. Some use it for smoking pipes and decorative components. Burl wood is usually available in planking less than 8mm thick. Length is almost always under 90cm, and width lower than 40cm. Supply of the old burl wood, taken from panels removed from demolished houses, is diminishing by time. Typically has prominent dark resin duct lines and numerous small but sound knots. It is strong, of medium weight, and of average hardness. An important property of teak is its extremely good dimensional stability. It can be stained to a rich and dark brown lustre, enhanced even more through maturing. Availability is firm, though price is escalating. There are three different colors for blackwood : the pale, the red and the black. It takes a fine polish but because of its resinous nature is difficult to work. The wood is blackish-purple to blackish-red in color, and its fibers are laden with deep red pigments which have been used for dye since ancient times. Few pieces are known to be greater than one foot in width. A dense, hard and comparatively stable material for furniture, which produces a color absorption result over others. The color can range from reddish-brown to golden-yellow. While sharing some characteristics with the coniferous cedar, it bears no botanical relationship. These wood ranges in color from a warm olive-brown color to a reddish-brown color. The wood dries well with minimal warping or splitting after which it is dimensionally stable and of medium density (zhennan. 61 g/cm3).
And because it polishes to a shimmering surface and has fine smooth texture, it was also prized as furniture-making wood. Shimmering characteristics also qualify that which is termed 'jinsi' (golden-thread) nanmu. The radial cut appears less dramatically with parallel lines of concentric layered tissue. It is a deciduous tree reaching 20 meters in height that produces an edible nut that can be pressed into a high-quality vegetable oil. It dries very slowly, but is quite stable afterwards. It has a medium brown heartwood with a light cream colored sapwood. In premodern times the wood was know as huali or hualu. The modifier huang (yellowish-brown) was added in the early twentieth century to describe old huali wood whose surfaces had mellowed to a yellowish tone due to long exposure to light. Another species is used medicinally and in the manufacture of explosives!
It is distinguished from its northern counterpart by a more refined ring porous structure that is apparent in the tangential surface, and by small medullary rays that are visible as fine reflective flecks across the radial surface. Jiangsu craftsmen traditionally divide jumu into three types: yellow ju (huangju), red ju (hongju), and blood ju (xueju). Blood ju, with a reddish-brown coffee color as well as some feathery like figure in the tangential surface, is the most highly prized.
Light Wood Tone Table Antique Furniture for sale
Their bark is sometimes smooth, but in most species it separates into thin plates or strips that may be shed from the tree. Make sure you're prepared for the level of involvement it will entail to restore the piece to its former glory. Different parts of the piece need different applications. For example, a chair with ornate sides or slats may need a delicate touch on the ornamental parts, but multiple coats of polyurethane on the arms so they'll be durable. It has slats or spindles set close together. It's made from random boards not all from the same tree. And just because a piece has potential, don't feel obligated to bite off more than you can chew. If you need an expert to re-glue your piece for you, expect to pay based on how complicated the piece is. When a piece has been neglected for decades, it’s tough to tell what it will look like once it’s refinished. Make sure that you like the look of the grain and that you understand what color you’ll come out with in the end—old wood often finishes much darker than newly milled wood. But if you do, expect a honey brown color that’s darker than new pine. Plain maple from the 1960s, which was often stained an orangey color, can be stripped and made more modern with a light brown stain. If the piece isn't sturdy, you'll probably have to take it apart and re-glue it using clamps, and not everyone has the skill for that — or the workspace, for that matter. Learn what details to look for when assessing the age and quality of your piece. Paint can hide a multitude of sins, including burns, missing veneer and water stains. Generally, even mass-produced furniture from before 1960 is sturdier and better made than today's cheap furniture — your find doesn't have to have antique value to be a great vintage piece that will give you years of service. Still, you should be careful with really old pieces, mostly those made before 1850, because refinishing them yourself can hurt their value. If you have any questions at all about the value of your piece, consult an expert before you get started. Mahogany has open pores which this wood does not. Although some of these types chairs were certainly made from mahogany and walnut this is one made from birch.
Most likely it was finished with an oil based varnish. After looking closer and feeling the weight of it it’s definitely birch. It’s made from birch and dye stained a mahogany color as were many pieces of furniture made during that period. Chairs of this type, and these are not rare, came in a variety of close styles from the thousands of manufacturers in the country during the last quarter of the 1800’s and first quarter of the 1900’s. Unless there is a label, identification of the manufacturer is not going to happen without original invoices or bills of lading. Wood was usually birch, maple, or beech, and mahogany. Birch was used quite a lot during that period especially on stout sturdy chairs.
Mahogany although this chair has been stripped and refinished a lighter tone than the original as can be seen in the photo. This item may also be available for sale elsewhere. The glowing satinwood inlay has a wonderful sheen seen in the best and most rare of inlay woods. It's leather top is in very good condition and the areas of character marks are part of it's authenticity of age and do not take away from the beauty of this very special table. This work table is comprised of a painted angled steel base and brackets and a gorgeous maple work surface that is ready to use. And, we’ve made sure the wiring is workable and safe to use.
Wood Types A America Wood Furniture
The variety of color is matched only by the fluid diversity of carving spanning both pieces - the crest is a most elegant pierced display of flanking acanthus and corner flourishes around a kidney-form central motif of foliate inspiration. One larger scrape is photographed for closer inspection.
I have seen a similar table listed with a flat 200. This is a drafting table my dad picked up in the early 1960s, he was the first antique collector in the family. It has a flat top with molded edges, three drawers in a shaped 8 in.
I have completely cleaned, lightly sanded and hand waxed using a bees and orange mix which feeds the wood 2. Features a rectangular shape with rounded edges, and an extending top. Table legs are turned with elegant detail. Has a copper insert for holding flowers, champagne, candy, etc. The table accommodates up to two 18" leaves (which we do not have). There is a slight wobble in the top of he table. This dark wood colored, bookmatched inlaid veneer table features a decorative top surface with drop leaves on two sides. This light wood colored, bookmatched inlaid veneer table features a decorative top surface with drop leaves on two sides. If you win more than one item we will combine for reduced shipping.
Medium Wood Tone Antique Furniture for sale
The table is weathered in its original finish with distressing adding great character. Otherwise, we reserve the right to re-list the item for sale. Vintage pie stand folding flat for storage. This week we have an impressive collection of estate antiques including vintage and retro as well. Please check our listings as well as our store. This desk features totally adjustable shelving which slides into a gently curving support column. The oak wood is durable and long lasting because oak trees take their time to grow slowly to produce high density material. If fact with proper care, you can continue using this oak furniture for even a century so what you buy today will be your children’s heirlooms. Oak wood is known to be scratch, stain and dust resistance; hence it does not need regular cleaning like other woods. The oak retains a rich, lustrous complexion and a striking grain. The country style of this table is very attractive, with faux nail covers and traditional planks on the potboard (shelf underneath). He was able to craft a wonderful yew wood top to go with them and the result is this stunning piece you see here now!